iOrthoPredictor: Model-guided Deep Prediction of Teeth Alignment

Published in ACM Transactions on Graphics (Proc. of Siggraph Asia 2020), 39(6), Article 216., 2020

Lingchen Yang, Zefeng Shi, Yiqian Wu, Xiang Li, Kun Zhou, Hongbo Fu, Youyi Zheng.


Abstract: In this paper, we present iOrthoPredictor, a novel system to visually predict teeth alignment in photographs. Our system takes a frontal face image of a patient with visible malpositioned teeth along with a corresponding 3D teeth model as input, and generates a facial image with aligned teeth, simulating a real orthodontic treatment effect. The key enabler of our method is an effective disentanglement of an explicit representation of the teeth geometry from the in-mouth appearance, where the accuracy of teeth geometry transformation is ensured by the 3D teeth model while the in-mouth appearance is modeled as a latent variable. The disentanglement enables us to achieve fine-scale geometry control over the alignment while retaining the original teeth appearance attributes and lighting conditions. The whole pipeline consists of three deep neural networks: a U-Net architecture to explicitly extract the 2D teeth silhouette maps representing the teeth geometry in the input photo, a novel multilayer perceptron (MLP) based network to predict the aligned 3D teeth model, and an encoder-decoder based generative model to synthesize the in-mouth appearance conditional on the original teeth appearance and the aligned teeth geometry. Extensive experimental results and a user study demonstrate that iOrthoPredictor is effective in qualitatively predicting teeth alignment, and applicable to the orthodontic industry.


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